Re: The Highland Clearances


Clearances in Scotland, evictions in Ireland and enclosures in England -- different names for the same phenomenon. Subsistence farmers were removed from the land, forced into towns or to emigrate, so that the land could be turned over to sheep whose wool fed the looms of the industrializing midlands, along with the cotton produced by slaves in the American south and Britain's Caribbean islands. Sheep were highly profitable and didn't rebel. Scottish Land Commission: "It found that about 1,125 owners, including Highland lairds and major public bodies such as Forest Enterprise and the National Trust for Scotland, own 70% of Scotland’s rural land, covering more than 4.1m hectares (10m acres) of countryside." And these days those "lairds" are mostly of English descent. 

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